Divine wisdom reached its climactic demonstration in the cross of Christ - because the cross was a way of salvation that humbles man and exalts the grace of God. When divine wisdom is revealed to humans in the death of Christ, its effect is to save us and humble us by doing for us what we could not do for ourselves.
In other words, what offends human wisdom about the cross is that it humbles man and exalts the unearnable grace of God. It makes humans look dependent and helpless - like little children - and makes God look all-sufficient and all-providing and absolutely free in giving salvation to sinners.
...notice from 1 Cor. 1:17 and 23 that human wisdom nullifies the meaning of the cross of Christ, but God's wisdom upholds the meaning of the cross.
So there is something about "human wisdom" that nullifies the cross by regarding it as foolishness, when, in fact, the cross is "the wisdom of God."
There is no necessary correlation between extensive learning and the right use of the mind. Many PHDs think poorly, and many people with little formal education think with great clarity and depth. I am pleading for a hearty engagement of the mind in the pursuit of God.
The problem with those who debunk the gift of thinking as a way of knowing God is that they do not spell out clearly what the alternative is. The reason is that there isn't one. If we abandon thinking, we abandon the Bible, and if we abandon the Bible we abandon God.
Pragmatism and subjectivism obscure the reality of truth. They engage the mind, but they make it the servant of our desires and our work. But they can't answer which desires I should pursue and which work is worthwhile.